TNPSC Previous Year Question Papers


Group – I (Preliminary) General Knowledge 2011 Download
Group – I (Main) General Studies – Paper – 1 2011  Download
Group – I (Main) General Studies – Paper – 2 2011  Download
Village Adminstrative Officer (VAO) General Knowledge with General English 2011  Download
Village Adminstrative Officer (VAO) General Knowledge with General Tamil 2011  Download
Group-I (B) Assistant Commissioner in HR&CE General Knowledge with General Tamil 2011  Download
Group-I (B) Assistant Commissioner in HR&CE General Knowledge with General English 2011  Download
Forest Apprentice General Knowledge with General Tamil 2011  Download
Special Assistant in DVAC General Knowledge with General Tamil 2011 Download
Group-IV – Differently Abled Persons General Knowledge with General Tamil 2011 Download

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WORLD HISTORY FACTS ABOUT INDIA


Some of the following facts may be known to you. These facts were recently published in a German magazine, which deals with WORLD HISTORY FACTS ABOUT INDIA.

1. India never invaded any country in her last 1000 years of history.

2. India invented the Number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.

3. The world’s first University was established in Takshila in 700BC.

More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4 th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.

4. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software.

5. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.

6. Although western media portray modern images of India as poverty striken and underdeveloped through political corruption, India was once the richest empire on earth.

7. The art of navigation was born in the river Sindh 5000 years ago. The very word "Navigation" is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH.

8. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is now known as the Pythagorean Theorem. British scholars have last year (1999) officially published that Budhayan’s works dates to the 6 th Century which is long before the European mathematicians.

9. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India . Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11 th Century; the largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Indians used numbers as big as 10 53

10. According to the Gemmological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds to the world.

karkoodal

What U Know About INDIA ?


Something About INDIA :-

National Name :- Bharat, India ,Hindustan

Current President :- Pratibha Patil

Current Prim Minister :- Manmoham Sing

Land Area:- 1,147,949 sq mi (2,973,190 sq km)

Total Area:- 1,269,338 sq mi (3,287,590 sq km)

Population :- 1,132,446,000

Capital Of India :- New Delhi

Economical Capital Of India :-Mumbai

Currency :- Rupees

National Language :- Hindi

National Official Language:-English

Literacy Rate :- 61%

Ruler Party :- UPA

Religious :- Hindu, Muslim, Shikh, Parsi, Christan.

Ethnicity :- Indo-aryan, dravidion, Mongoloid

Railway Length :- 63,221 km

Highway :- 33,83,344 km

Water way:- 14,500

Airports:- 346

Boarder Country :- Pakistan, china, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangaladesh, burma.

Independent day:- 15 Aug 1947

Republican Day:- 26 Jan 1950

Population Density:- 329 per km2

GDP :- 2.96 trillion

Timezone :- IST UTC +5:30,

Internet TLD :- .in

ISD Call:-+91

Indian Nobel Prize Winners


RABINDRANATH TAGORE (1913)

Nobel Prize for Literature

Popularly known as Gurudev, India’s most famous writer and poet was awarded the Nobel Prize in recognition of his work Geetanjali, a collection of poems, in 1913. Tagore was also involved in teaching. In 1901 he founded the famous Santiniketan which later came to be known as Vishwabharati University.

DID YOU KNOW? Rabindranath Tagore is also the author of India’s National Anthem.

CHANDRASHEKAR VENKATA RAMAN (1930)

Nobel Prize for Physics

Born at Thiruvanaikkaval in Tamil Nadu, Raman studied at Presidency College, Madras. Later, he served as Professor of Physics at Calcutta University. C.V. Raman won the Nobel Prize for an important research in the field of optics (light). Raman had found that diffused light contained rays of other wavelengths-what is now popularly known as Raman Effect. His theory explains why the frequency of light passing through a transparent medium changes.

HARGOBIND KHORANA (1968)

The Nobel Prize for Medicine

Dr. Khorana was born in Raipur, Punjab (now in Pakistan). He went abroad to get his doctorate in Chemistry and later settled there. It was his study of the human genetic code and the role it plays in protein synthesis that got him the Nobel Prize.

MOTHER TERESA (1979)

The Nobel Peace Prize

Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu at Skopje, now in Yugoslavia. She wanted to become a nun and joined the Irish order of the Sisters of Loretto (at Dublin) in 1928. It is as a nun that Agnes came Calcutta in 1929. Here she was extremely touched by the misery of the poor and the sick. She decided to dedicate her life to serving them. She then founded a group of similar minded people called the Missionaries of Charity and set up Nirmal Hriday a center where she took care of the dying, the lepers and other people who had been left alone on the streets of Calcutta to die. Today her group has centers all over the world.

SUBRAMANIAN CHANDRASHEKAR (1983)

The Nobel Prize for Physics

Dr S. Chandrashekar, is an Indian-born astrophysicist (a branch of astronomy or the study of space). After studying at the Presidency College in Madras, Dr. Chandrashekhar went to the United States for work and settled there. He has written many books on his field Astrophysics and Stellar Dynamics. He developed a theory on white dwarf stars forecasts the limit of mass that dwarf stars can have. This limit is known as the Chandrashekar Limit. His theory also explains the final stages of the evolution of stars.

DID YOU KNOW? Dr. Chandrashekar is the nephew of another Nobel Prize winner Sir C.V. Raman.

AMARTYA SEN (1998)

Nobel Prize for Economics

Prof. Amartya Sen is the first Asian to win the Economics Nobel. He is one of the most respected economics thinker in the world. He is also an excellent teacher. He won the Nobel for his work in the area of economic theory. Some of his most important work is in the areas of poverty, democracy, development and social welfare.

The First… ( INDIAN )


Actress of the Talkies
Zubeida, Alam Ara(1931)

Actress to win Padma Shri Award
Nargis Dutt(1958)

Architect
Maha Govinda(5th C.BC)

Aryabhatta Medal Winner
K.R. Ramanathan(1977)

Bharat Ratna Award Winner
C.Rajgopalachari(1954)

British Governor General of Indian Union
Lord Louis Mountbatten(Aug. 15, 1947-June 20, 1948)

Captain of Test Cricket
C.K.Nayudu(1932)

Century in Test Cricket
Lala Amarnath(1933-1934)

Chairman of Rajaya Sabha
S.V.Krishnamoorthy(1952)

Chevalier Award Winner
Sivaji Ganesan

Chief Election Commissioner
Sukumar Sen(1950-1958)

Chief Justice of India
Hiralal J.Kania(1950-1951)

Chief of Air Staff
Sir Thomas Elmhirst(1947-1950)

Chief of Army Staff to die in harness
B.C.Joshi(1994)

Chief of Coast Guard
V.A.Kamath(1978-1980)

Chief of Naval Staff
R.D.Katari(1958-1962)

Commander-in-Chief
K.M.Cariappa(1949-1953)

Cosmonaut
Rakesh Sharma(1984)

Cricketer to have battled in all positions(1 to 11)
Vinoo Mankad

Dada Saheb Phalke Award Winner
Devika Rani Roerich(1969)

Dancer to perform abroad
Uday Shankar

Deputy Prime Minister
Vallabhbhai Patel(1947-1950)

Deputy Prime Minister to die in harness
Vallabhbhai Patel(1950)

Elected President
S.Radhakrishnan(1962-1967)

Emperor of Mughal Dynasty
Babar(1526-1530)

Field Marshal
S.H.F.J.Manekshaw(1973)

Film Star Chief Minister
M.G.Ramachandran(Tamil Nadu, 1977)

Financial Minister to present the Budget three times in a row
Manmohan Singh (1933, 1994, 1995)

Finix Award Winner
Sr.P.C.Sorcar

Geometer
Baudhayana, Sulva Sutras(800 BC)

Governor General of British India
Warren Hastings(1774-1785)

Grammarian
Panini, Ashtadhyaayi(6th C. BC)

Helms Award Winner
Kunwar Digvijay Singh Babu(1952)

Home Minister
Vallabhbhai Patel(1946)

ICS Officer
Satyendranath Tagore

Indian Chief of Air Staff
S.Mukherjee(1954-1960)

Indian Governor General of Indian Union
M.Rajendra Singh(April 1, 1955-May 14, 1955)

Indian Woman President of Indian National Congress
Sarojini Naidu(1925)

J.C.Bose Medal Winner
V.Ramalingaswami(1977)

Jain Tithankara
Rishabha Dev

Jananpith Award Winner
G.Sankara Kurup, Odakuzhal(1965)

Lady of the Indian Film
Devika Rani Roerich

Lata Mangeshkar Award Winner
Naushad(1984)

Lawgiver
Manu, Manu Smirti(3100 BC)

Man to climb Mount Everest without oxygen
Phu Dorjee(1984)

Man to climb Mount Everest
Tanzing Norgay(with Edumund Hillary, 1953)

Man to make solo Flight(from US to India)
Satish Soman(1994)

Man to swim across English Channel
Mihir Sen(1966)

Man to swim several Straits in one calender year
Mihir Sen(1966)

Managing Director of World Bank
Gautam Kaji(1995)

Member of British Parliament
Dadabhai Naoroji(1862)

Member of Viceroy’s Executive Council
Sir S.P.Sinha(1909)

Miss Universe
Sushmita Sen(1994)

Miss World
Reita Faria(1966)

Musician to get Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushana
M.S.Subbulakshmi(1954,1975)

Musician to get Ramon Magsaysay Award
M.S.Subbulakshami(1974)

Naval Pilot
Y.N.Singh(1941)

Nishan-Eey-Pakistan Award Winner
Morarji Desai(1991)
Nobel Prize Winner
Rabindranath Tagore, Gitanjali(1913)

Olympic Medal Winner
Norman Pritchard, Silver(1900)

Oscar Winner
Bhanu Athaiya

Patricide
Ajatshatru’s killing of Bimbisara(494 BC)

Physically handicapped mountaineer
Baba Manindra Pal

Pilot
J.R.D.Tata, Tata Airlines(1929)

Presentation of Budget
R.K.Shanmugham Chetty, Finance Minister(1947)

Presentation of General Budget
C.D.Deshmukh, Finance Minister(1952)

President
Rajendra Prasad(1950-1962)

President of Indian National Congress
W.C.Bannerjee(1885)

President of International Court of Justice
Nagendra Singh(1970)

President to die in harness
Zakir Hussain(1967-1969)

Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru(1947-1964)

Prime Minister to be assassinated
Indira Gandhi(1984)

Prime Minister to die in harness
Jawaharlal Nerhru(1964)

Prime Minister to head a minority government
Choudhary Charan Singh(July 28, 1979-Jan,14, 1980)

Prime Minister to resign from office
Morarji Desai(1979)

Prime Minister who did not face Parliament
Chaudhary Charan Singh(July 28, 1979-Jan 14, 1980)

Raman Medal Winner
Salim Moinuddin Ahmed Ali(1979)

Raman Magsaysay Award Winner
Vinoba Bhave(1958)

Recipient of Stalin Peace Prize
Saifuddin Kitchlew(1954)

Recipient of World Food Prize
M.S.Swaminathan(1987)

S.Ramanujan Medal Winner
S.Chandrashekhar(1962)

S.S.Bhatnagar Medal Winner
Atma Ram(1959)

Scientist
Uddalaka Aruni(560 BC)

Slave Ruler of India
Qutb-ud-din Aibak(1206-1210)

Speaker in Hindi at the UN
Atal Bihari Vajpayee(1977)

Speaker of Lok Sabha
Ganesh Vasudeo Mavalankar(1952-1957)

Test-tube baby
Baby Harsha or Indira(1986)

Vice-President
S.Radhakrishnan(1952-1962)

Viceroy of India
Lord Canning (1858-1862)

Woman (Muslim) Ruler of India
Razia Sultana(1236-1240)

Woman Advocate
Cornelia Sorabji(1894)

Woman Ambassador
Vijayalakshmi Pandit(U.S.S.R., 1947-1949)

Woman at Antarctica
Meher Moos(1976)

Woman Central Minister
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur(Health)

Woman Chief Justice(of High Court)
Leila Seth(Himachal Pradesh, 1991)

Woman Chief Minister
Sucheta Kriplani(Uttar Pradesh, 1963-1967)

Woman Foreign Minister
Lakshmi N. Menon(1957-1966)

Woman Secretary General of Rajya Sabha
V.S.Rama Devi(1993)

Woman Governor
Sarojini Naidu(Uttar Pradesh, 1963-1967)

Woman IAS Officer
Anna Rajam George(1950)

Woman IPS Officer
Kiran Bedi(1974)

Woman Jet Commander
Saudamini Deshmukh

Woman Jnanpithpith Award Winner
Ashapurna Devi, Prathama Pratishruti(1976)

Woman Judge of Supreme Court
Meera Sahib Fatima Beevi(1989)

Woman Minister of State
Vijayalakshmi Pandit(Uttar Pradesh, 1937)

Woman Missionary
Sanghamitra, daughter of King Ashoka (Sri Lanka, 3rd C.BC)

Woman Pilot (Commercial)
Prem Mathur(Deccan Airways, 1951)

Woman Pilot (Indian Airlines)
Durga Banerjee(1966-1988)

Woman President of Indian National Congress
Annie Besant(1917)

Woman President of UN General Assembly
Vijayalakshmi Pandit(1953)

Woman Prime Minister
Indira Gandhi(1966-1977, 1980-1984)

Woman Sahitya Akademi Award Winner
Amrita Pritam, Sunehre(1956)

Woman to climb Mount Everest
Bachendri Pal(1984)

Woman to perform a solo Flight
Harita Kaur Deol(1944)

Woman to swim across English Channel
Arati Saha(1959)

Woman to swim across the Strait of Gibraltar
Arti Pradhan

Woman to win an Asian Gold
Kamaljit Sandhu(1970)

Woman to go in Space
Dr.Kalpana Chawla(November 1997)